Alexandria Declaration, 24th December 2012
On 22nd December 2012, decision makers, stakeholders, members of the society, government officials, educators, and project managers in Egypt were invited by the Faculty of Engineering, Alexandria university, to meet to participate in the "RETBE'12 and RIO+20" workshop to discuss and assess the challenges and vision for the sustainable development goals implementation. We acknowledged the establishment of ARWA (Alexandria – Rio+20 Workshop-Agenda), a networking base.
Having considered the need for a common outlook and for common principles to inspire and guide people in the preservation and enhancement of the human environment, we affirm and recognize setting a declaration named "Alexandria Declaration" containing 17 principles concerning the environment and development.
The principles of the declaration proclaim that:
- Human rights must be asserted aiming to poverty reduction.
- Natural resources must be safeguarded.
- The Earth’s capacity to produce renewable resources must be maintained.
- Non-renewable resources must be shared and not exhausted.
- Pollution (water, air, …)must not exceed the environment’s capacity to clean itself.
- Establishing a road map for sustainable development (responsibilities, strategies, and success indices).
- Environment policy must not hamper development.
- Integrated development planning management is needed.
- Rational planning and should resolve conflicts between environment and development.
- Human settlements must be planned to eliminate environmental problems.
- Government should plan its own appropriate population policies.
- National institutions must plan development of states’ natural resources.
- Science and technology must be used to improve the environment.
- Awareness at all levels, (Public, Schools, Universities, Media, ..etc.) must be implemented.
- Effect of climate change must be taken into consideration.
- Environmental education (Engineering, water, energy, …etc.) is essential.
- Teaching sustainable development concepts, ensuring that they form a part of the core curriculum across all disciplines.
- Encourage research on sustainable development issues.
- Green our campuses by reducing the environmental footprint through energy, recycling, water and material resource efficiencies in our buildings and facilities.